Policies and Procedures Handbook
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Last Updated: 6/15/2005
Garrett County Board of Education
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PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS

BOARD POLICY

I. PURPOSE

    To provide parents and students who reside in Garrett County an alternative means within the existing public school system
      for additional innovative learning opportunities and creative educational approaches to improve the education of students.

II. DEFINITION

    Public charter school means a public school that:
     i) Is nonsectarian in all its programs, policies, and operations.
    ii) Is a school to which parents choose to send their children.
    iii) Is open to all students on a space-available basis and admits students on a lottery basis if more students apply than can
        be accommodated.
    iv) Is a new public school or a conversion of an existing public school
     v) Provides a program of elementary or secondary education or both.
     vi) Operates in pursuit of a specific set of educational objectives.
     vii) Is tuition-free for all students who are eligible to attend any other Garrett County school tuition free.
    viii) Is subject to federal and state laws prohibiting discrimination.
     ix) Is in compliance with all applicable health and safety laws.
      x) Requires students to be physically present on school premises for a period of time substantially similar to that which
          other Garrett County Public School students spend on school premises.
     xi) Is created in accordance with state law and regulations, and under the supervision of the Garrett County Board of
         Education.

III. POLICY STATEMENT

    In keeping with the Garrett County Board of Education's interest in providing varied innovative and creative instructional
    programs, a public charter school may be established in Garrett County.

IV. POLICY GUIDELINES

    A. General Information

        1. A public charter school operates under the authority of the Board of Education of Garrett County. Except as provided in
            Section 9-104 of the Educational Article, Annotated code of Maryland, the public charter school must abide by the
            provisions of all laws, policies, and regulations governing other public schools, except as otherwise provided in policy or
            state law.

        2. The primary public chartering authority for the granting of a charter is the Board of Education of Garrett County.

        3. The secondary public chartering authority for the granting of a Charter is the State Board of Education. The State Board
            may assume chartering authority for a restructured school in accordance with Section IV., B of this policy.

        4. An application to establish a public charter school may be submitted to the local board of education by:
            a. The staff of a public school;
            b. A parent or guardian of a student who attends a public school in the county;
            c. A nonsectarian, nonprofit entity;
            d. A nonsectarian institution of higher education in the state; or
            e. Any combination of persons specified above.

        5. Under Maryland Law, the Garrett County Board of Education shall not grant a Charter to:
            a. A private school
            b. A parochial school; or
            c. A home school.

        6. Upon submission of a completed and required application for a public charter school (on a form provided by the local
            superintendent or designee in accordance with the locally established procedures and timelines), the Garrett County
            Board of Education shall render a decision within 120 days of receipt of the application.

        7. If the Garrett County Board of Education denies an application to establish a public charter school, the applicant may
           appeal the decision to the State Board of Education in accordance with 4-205(c) of the Education Article, Annotated
           Code of Maryland.

        8. By law, the State Board of Education shall render a decision within 120 days of the filing of an appeal under this
            section.

        9. If the Garrett County Board of Education denies an application to establish a public charter school and the State Board
           of Education reverses the decision, the State Board of Education may direct the Garrett County Board of Education
           to grant a Charter and shall mediate with the Garrett County Board of Education and the applicant to implement the
           Charter Agreement.

B. Restructured Schools

    Restructured schools are schools that must implement an alternative governance arrangement that has been approved by the
    State Superintendent of Schools and the State Board of Education if, after a year of corrective action, a school does not
    make adequate yearly progress as defined by No Child Left Behind legislation.

    1. Upon submission of a completed and required application for creating a Charter Agreement for a school it has identified as
        meeting the conditions of restructuring (on a form provided by the local superintendent), the Garrett County Board of
        Education shall render a decision within 30 days of receipt of said application.

    2. The Garrett County Board of Education may apply to the State Board of Education for an extension of up to 15 days from
        the time limit imposed under number 1 of this Section.

    3. If an extension is not granted, and 30 days have elapsed, the State Board of Education may become a chartering
       authority. If an extension has been granted, and 45 days have elapsed, the State Board of Education may become a
       chartering authority.

    4. If the Garrett County Board of Education denies an application to establish a public charter school, the applicant may
        appeal the decision to the State Board of Education. in accordance with 4-205(c) of the Education Article,
Annotated
        Code of Maryland.

    5. By law, the State Board of Education shall render a decision within 120 days of the filing of an appeal under this section.

    6. If the Garrett County Board of Education denies an application to establish a public charter school and the State Board of
        Education reverses the decision. the State Board of Education may direct the Garrett County Board of Education to grant
        a Charter and shall mediate with the Garrett County Board of Education and the applicant to implement the Charter
        Agreement.

C. Employees at a Public Charter School

    1.  The superintendent retains the authority to assign and transfer educators as the needs of the system require and as
         negotiated in the Charter Agreement.

    2.  A member of the professional staff assigned at a public charter school shall hold the appropriate Maryland certification.

    3. Employees at a public charter school are public school employees, as defined in 6-401(d) and 6-501(f) of the Education
        Article,
Annotated Code of Maryland and shall have all rights contained therein.

    4. Existing employee organizations and the public charter school may mutually agree to negotiate amendments to an
        existing agreement to address the needs of the particular public charter school.

D. Public Charter School Facilities

    If the public charter school wishes to use existing Garrett County Public Schools' buildings or a portion thereof, such use
    must be negotiated with the Garrett County Board of Education. Policies and regulations related to health and safety cannot
    be waived.

E. Student Admission

    1. Tuition
        a. Students domiciled in Garrett County will be eligible for admittance without tuition charge. Students not domiciled in
            Garrett County will be eligible for admittance without tuition charge only as allowed by the Garrett County Board of
            Education for other non-domiciled students attending other schools in the system. The amount of any tuition charged
            will be calculated as if the student is attending any other public school in Garrett County. The tuition will be paid to the
            Garrett County Public School System. However, the funding provided by the school system to the public charter school
            for that student will be calculated in the same manner as for all other students attending the public charter school.
        b. No eligible non-tuition-paying student may he denied admittance in the public charter school in order to accept a tuition-
            paying student.

    2. The public charter school cannot discriminate and must be and remain in full compliance with all federal and state anti-
        discrimination laws.

    3. A random selection process must be used if the number of eligible applicants exceeds the predetermined student capacity
        in the public charter school as agreed upon in the approved charter application.

F. Compliance with Laws, Policies, and Regulations

    1. A public charter school shall comply with the provisions of law and regulations governing other public schools unless a
        waiver is granted by the State Board of Education. The State Board of Education is prohibited from granting a waiver from
        provisions of law or regulations relating to:
        a. Audit requirements
        b. The measurement of student academic achievement, including all assessments required for other public schools and
            other assessments mutually agreed upon by the public chartering authority and the school.
        c. The health, safety, or civil rights of a student or an employee of the public charter school.

    2. A public charter school shall comply with all policies and regulations of the Board of Education unless granted a waiver by
        the Garrett County Board of Education.

    3. Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) for students with disabilities will be implemented and all state and federal
        procedural safeguards will be followed.

    4. Criminal background checks for all public charter school employees shall be required as dictated by Garrett County Board
        of Education policy and regulations, and applicable state law.

    5. A Charter may not be granted to a school whose operation would be inconsistent with any public policy initiative, court
        order, or federal improvement plan governing special education that is applicable to Maryland.

    6. Employees at a public charter school shall be evaluated in a manner that is consistent with state law and applicable local
        board of education policy and regulations.

    7. The superintendent of schools or designee shall ensure that prior to opening a public charter school the operators of the
        school are informed of and address the human, fiscal, and organizational capacity needed to fulfill the school's
        responsibilities related to children with disabilities.

    8. The State Board of Education shall provide technical assistance to the operators of public charter school to help the
        school meet the requirements of federal and state laws, including 20 U.S.C. 1400, et seq and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
        of 1973, 29 U.S.C. 794.

G. Evaluation of Public Charter Schools

    The public charter school shall be evaluated by the Garrett County Board of Education based on student achievement, fiscal
    management, and other criteria pursuant to its approved application and the terms and conditions of its Charter Agreement.

H. Revocation of a Charter

    1. The local board of education may place a public charter school on probationary status to allow the implementation of a
        remedial plan, pending a decision to revoke the school's Charter.

    2. The local board of education may revoke a public charter school's Charter for the following reasons:
        a. The school has failed to meet the terms of its Charter Agreement.
        b. The school has failed to comply with the Charter Agreement or provisions of federal, state, or local law.
        c. The fiscal condition of the school is substantially deficient.
        d. The physical environment presents a safety or health risk to building occupants.
        e. The academic condition of the school is substantially deficient.
        f.  The facility can no longer support the needs of the educational program.

    3. Upon revocation, personnel and students shall be reassigned pursuant to Garrett County Board of Education policy and
        procedures.

    4. Upon revocation, resources provided by the school system shall remain under the supervision of the Garrett County Board
        of Education.

I. Reporting Requirements

    1. An annual report on each public charter school will be presented to the Garrett County Board of Education, including:
        a. Fiscal management;
        b. Student achievement; and
        c. Any other matter required pursuant to the Charter Agreement.

    2. Public charter schools shall comply with all federal, state, and local reporting requirements, unless waived.

J. Financial, Programmatic, or Compliance Audits of Public Charter Schools

    1. The Garrett County Board of Education shall require financial, programmatic, or compliance audits consistent with federal,
        state, and local law and procedures. The public charter school shall make available all required financial records and other
        material necessary to conduct an audit.

    2. The Garrett County Board of Education will annually determine the appropriate amounts of local, state and federal funding
        to be distributed to the public charter school commensurate with the amounts disbursed to other public schools in the
        local jurisdiction.

    3. The Garrett County Board of Education or State Board of Education may give surplus educational materials, supplies,
        furniture, and other equipment to a public charter school.

    4. An approved public charter school may seek and receive other grants through local, state, or federal government sources
        or private sources without a reduction in its fair share allocation unless other provisions are included in the Charter
        Agreement.

    5. An approved public charter school shall notify immediately the local school system superintendent if at any time during the
        year it determines that the school may not be in a position to meet its projected expenses. The public charter school shall
        provide the school system with the basis for the problem and cooperate with the system in resolving the financial situation.

    6. The Charter Agreement shall provide evidence of appropriate property and casualty insurance as reflected in the Charter
        Agreement.

K. Public Charter School Application Process

    1. An applicant to operate a public charter school shall submit an application to the Garrett County Board of Education in
       accordance with the procedures established by the Garrett County Board of Education.

    2. The superintendent or designees shall make available to a charter school applicant advice, technical assistance, and
        consultation through the charter school application process. The applicant may use these services in order to help ensure
        that all components of the application have been completed and are addressed.

    3. Applications shall include, but are not be limited to, the following components:

        a.  A statement of intent to comply with applicable federal, state, and local laws and regulations and this policy.
        b.  The applicant's vision of public charter school expectations and mission. The primary mission must remain focused on
             student academic achievement.
        c.  A description of any special or unique educational focus to be implemented.

        d.  Strategies for developing and delivering educational programs including curriculum, staffing patterns and grade levels.
        e.  Specific educational results including student academic outcomes and how they will be measured.
        f.   Specific plans for meeting or exceeding current accountability provisions of Garrett County Public Schools and state

                 law and regulations.
        g.  Student admission procedures.
        h.  A facilities plan that describes the type of facilities, possible location, and the characteristics of the facility that will be

                needed to ensure the appropriate implementation of the proposed educational program. The plan should also include
                the requirements to ensure accessibility consistent with the Americans with Disabilities Act. Final Charter approval
                would be contingent upon the acquisition of the appropriate facilities consistent with the facilities plan.
        i.  A defined management and administrative structure that will be in place for the public charter school.
        j.  The proposed duration of the Charter Agreement which provides legal accountability for the operation of the public

                charter school.
       k.  Demonstration of financial solvency for the duration of the Charter Agreement and accountability for the use of funds and

                resources as addressed in the budget section of the charter school application.
        l.  A plan which provides programmatic accountability for the length of the Charter Agreement.
      m.  Specific waivers of local, state and federal requirements needed to implement the proposed educational program.
       n.  A plan for providing needed school support services such as transportation, custodial and maintenance, health services,

            and food services.
       o.  A description of the type and extent to which there is sufficient community support for the proposed public charter

               school must be submitted.

V. LEGAL AUTHORITY
    This policy is consistent with Title 9 of the Education Article, Annotated Code of Maryland, known as the "Maryland Public
    Charter School Program".

VI. EFFECTIVE DATE:
    This policy is effective November 1, 2003.


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School-Community Relations 939 DDF
Adopted 10/14/03