Policies and Procedures Handbook

Last Updated: 5/31/2005
Garrett County Public Schools
40 South Second Street
Oakland, MD 21550


Board Policy


Effective July 01, 1993 the Garrett County Public Schools prohibits the use, possession, purchase, sale distribution and being under the influence or impaired by drugs or alcohol on school property during school hours or while on school business for all bus drivers.

Components of the Drug Testing Program

The Drug Testing Program has four (4) components which will be implemented in accordance with the following time frame:    

Post Accident  
Reasonable Cause  
Random Testing  

July-October; November-December; January-February; March-April;   

Pre-Employment Testing

This process is handled by staff of the Student Transportation Department. When a prospective employee completes all the preliminary paperwork and a personal interview with Transportation staff, the applicant is given instructions to get his/her physical from a Garrett County physician or a physician prior approved by the Director of Transportation. Specimen collection for the drug test must be completed within 24 hours. The applicant will not be put into training until the results form both the physical and the drug test are known.

Post-Accident Testing

The test will be performed on all bus drivers after being involved in an "accident or incident" whether the "accident or incident" is preventable or non-preventable. It is, therefore, imperative that the Director of Transportation be notified whenever a bus is involved in an "accident or incident" so that he/she can make sure that the post-accident testing procedures are followed. Specimen collection must be completed within four (4) hours after the "accident or incident."

An "accident or incident" shall be defined as any occurrence in which the school bus is involved that results in a death, personal injury, property damage in excess of $500.00, or the bus driver is issued a citation for a moving violation. This is regardless of who was injured, what property was damaged or who was responsible. An occurrence qualifies as an "accident or incident" whether the vehicle was in motion, temporarily stopped, parked or being loaded or unloaded, or on either public or private property.

If a driver is involved in an accident at a time when none of the approved collection locations are open for business, the driver must notify the transportation office so that arrangements can be made to draw the drug test samples. This arrangement is for use only when there is no regular or emergency site available. This process is also to be used when a driver is injured in the bus accident and transported to a hospital for medical attention. The Garrett County Public Schools's administrator at the scene must inform the hospital personnel that this is a Garrett County Public Schools bus driver and that a technician will need to draw the necessary samples. This information is important to the hospital personnel so that they can make a decision about what type of treatment to begin on the driver pending the drug test. Obviously when there is serious injury, the individual's well being is the first consideration.

Reasonable Cause Testing

When possible, the conduct or event giving rise to the "reasonable cause" should be witnessed by two (2) administrators. In an emergency, if only one (1) administrator is available then only one administrator need witness the conduct or event in order to support an order to test. Under this provision, any of the Student Transportation Department administrative personnel (including the driver trainer) are empowered to require a bus driver to submit to a drug/alcohol test if it is felt there is "reasonable cause." Refusal to take a drug/alcohol test in grounds for dismissal, and the driver should be advised of that fact. If he/she still refuses to be tested, then the driver is not to be allowed to drive a bus, and is immediately referred for appropriate action. Specimen collection must be completed within 24 hours. Alcohol testing may be required immediately.

A formal training of the Student Transportation Department administrative personnel will be conducted before the end of FY 93 in order to better prepare them for making a reasonable cause decision.

Random Testing

Each driver's name and/or social security number will be entered into a confidential data base computer program. Five (5) times during each year, as defined in C.O.M.A.R., ten percent of the drivers will be randomly selected by computer for a drug test. Each driver will be called by the Student Transportation Director/designee and told to report with 24 hours for the drug test. Failure to report for the drug test within 24 hours of being notified will result in immediate dismissal of the driver.

Type of Tests Performed

Pre-Employment Urine Drug Test
Post-Accident Urine Drug Test or Blood/Breathalyzer Alcohol Test
Reasonable Cause Urine Drug Test or Blood/Breathalyzer Alcohol Test
Random Urine Drug Test

Positive Results (US DOT Drugs) After Medical Review Officer (MRO) Review

Pre-Employment No job offer
Post-Accident Permanently disqualified
Reasonable Cause Permanently disqualified
Random Permanently disqualified

Where Tests will be Conducted

Specimens for pre-employment, random testing, and in most cases, reasonable cause testing, will be collected at the sites on the list approved by the Director of Transportation. Specimens for post-accident testing will also be collected at these sites.

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Other Non-Instructional Operations 853.321 AR
Adopted 8/10/93
Revised 1/11/94, 6/9/98